We often hear about kidney stones. Many of us suffer from Kidney Stone Symptoms. But the stones are not just in the kidneys, but in any part of the excretory system. In men, the incidence of kidney stones is 13 percent. In the case of women, it is 6 percent. In 50% of cases, kidney stones are at risk of recurrence.
In addition to the kidneys, there may be stones in other parts of the urinary tract. From top to bottom the excretory system consists of:
- Ureter or urethra
- Urinary bladder
- Urethra or bladder
The stones can come from the kidneys and accumulate in any part of the body. Or there may be separate stones in the bladder. It can also come down to the urethra.
In this Article, you will get
What are stones?
Stones are made of some minerals in our bodies. Stones are formed only when there is an excess of minerals. Normal urine also contains substances that can cause stones if overdosed. Such elements are calcium oxalate, uric acid crystals, etc. The body excretes these substances produced by the body’s metabolism. Excess minerals are excreted in the process of excretion. If there is an excess of these elements, i.e. for some reason the production is high then the problem is seen. When the amount in the urine increases, they condense and take the shape of stones.
Types of Excretory Stones: Calcium oxalate stone: It is most commonly found. This can happen when the level of citrate in the urine is low and the level of calcium oxalate or uric acid is high. These stones can be from foods that contain high levels of oxalate. Oxalate is found in foods such as beets, black tea, chocolate, nuts, potatoes, spinach, etc. Do not eat these foods in moderation if you have had stones before.
Calcium phosphate stones: These stones are also found more. These are usually accompanied by calcium oxalate stones.
Struvite stones: These are mostly in women. Frequently associated with urinary tract infections. These stones grow fast and are quite large in size. They are also called stathorn stones. Frequent urinary tract infections can occur if not treated properly. Even kidney function can be impaired.
Uric acid stones: Such stones are more common in men. People who drink less water and eat higher levels of animal protein are more likely to have it. People with rheumatoid arthritis, family members with a history of gallstones, and those taking chemotherapy are more likely to have uric acid stones.
Cystine stones: People with hereditary cystinuria are more likely to have this type of stone. Such problems are caused by an excess of the amino acid cysteine.
Kidney Stone Symptoms Women:
Pain in the lower back and abdomen: The severity of pain can vary depending on the size and shape of the kidney stones. Small stones may not show any symptoms. If the stone escapes from the kidney and gets stuck in the urethra, it can cause severe pain. Common pain is in the back of the waist, in the lower abdomen. The pain can spread to the groin.
Burning and pain in urination: Burning and pain while urinating can occur if there is an infection in the urinary tract. Stones can also cause pain. Acute pain can also be felt if the stone gets stuck at the junction of the urethra and bladder.
Bleeding with urine: If there are stones in any part of the kidney or excretory system, blood may go with the urine. The amount maybe a little more. The color of the urine may be red or reddish-pink.
Fever with shivering: In some cases, patients with kidney stones suffer from fever with shivering. This can also happen with urinary tract infections.
Nausea and vomiting: Vomiting is also seen with abdominal pain. In 50% of cases, vomiting is due to kidney or urinary tract stones. Vomiting occurs due to the similarity of the neural supply of the stomach and intestines with certain parts of the kidneys.
Causes of stones: Recurrent urinary tract infections: People who have recurrent urinary tract infections are more likely to get stones. This is because the infection causes some substances to accumulate as sediment, which helps to form stones.
Eating less water: To maintain water balance in our body, we should drink at least 8 glasses of water every day. Drinking less water is one of the causes of kidney, bladder, and urinary stones.
Eating more animal protein: Too much red meat, poultry These animal proteins increase the amount of uric acid in our body. These foods are quite risky for those who already have high levels of uric acid.
Excess calcium intake: If the amount of calcium in the body increases, stones can occur. Do not take calcium pills or vitamin D without a doctor’s advice. Those who already have problems will eat less milk, dairy foods, cheese, etc.
Treatment depends on the size, location, type of stone, kidney function, etc. of the stone. Small stones are excreted with urine. So if caught early, the symptoms are treated and plenty of water.
In some cases, medication is used to remove the stones. The operation has to be done for large size stones. In addition, there is also a system to remove the stone by crushing it with a shock wave from the outside. This procedure is called extracorporeal short wave lithotripsy.
What to do to prevent: Drink plenty of water. Consult a doctor if the color of urine is dark if there is blood if there is inflammation in the urine. Be aware of taking medication. Those who have had oxalate stones once should avoid oxalate-rich foods completely. Seek medical attention immediately if symptoms occur.